Home   |   Contact us   |   Sitemap

Diflucan - fluconazole

Diflucan online information portal.

Candidiasis and Vaginal Yeast Infections Treatment

Candida albicansVaginal yeast infection or Vaginal Candidiasis is a medical term that refers to an infection of the vagina or the vulva, which is caused by the yeast called Candida albicans. The layman’s term for this fungal infection is vaginal thrush. Candida albicans is the causative agent (organism which caused the disease) for vaginal candidiasis. This type of pathogen (disease-causing organism) belongs to a group of organisms referred to as opportunistic pathogens due to their characteristic of proliferating or attacking the human body if the host’s immune system is low. Opportunistic pathogens are actually normally present in the body, but they are not able to cause a disease because the host’s immune system is intact thereby keeping the pathogen’s number in minimum, almost unable to cause a disease. However, as what was stated, once the body’s immune system develop some problems, as what happens to immunocompromised patients – such as those with cancer, leukemia and HIV, these pathogens plan and do their attack. Normally, the Candida albicans specie of the fungal kingdom is a natural resident of the female vagina, but in this case, they are harmless for the slight acidic pH of the organ hinders the proliferation of this organism. Unfortunately, due some to underlying disease conditions, the vagina’s pH may change, which now brings about the chance of Candida albicans to strike. It is important to note that candidiasis infections are caused by a fungus and therefore all vaginal yeast infections treatment is not by the use of antibiotics but rather through the use of antifungals.

            Candida albicans - this specie of a fungus is really something to watch out for thinking that it is actually a natural resident of the body. It is present in the mucous membranes of not only the vagina but also in the mouth, pharynx, gastrointestinal tract and the urinary bladder. This means that vaginal candidiasis is just one type of yeast infection, other parts of the body can also be clolonized such as the mouth, and the parts mentioned above. As an additional information, candidiasis is actually not only limited to causing an infection in the vagina, because even males can contract this infection. That is why, it is important to seek medical attention for prompt vaginal yeast infections treatment.

Classis symptom of candidiasis is burning vagina            The classic symptoms of vaginal candidiasis would include burning, vaginal itching and passage of thick vaginal discharge, which is most often labeled as “cheese-like” in appearance. Disease conditions which place a person in a great risk of developing vaginal candidiasis would include all those who are immunocompromised, that is, these are people whose immune systems are not functioning properly. Examples of immunocompromised patients are those cancer patients under chemotherapy and HIV victims whose cells involved in body defenses are gradually decreasing in number. Diabetic patients and those who are taking long-term antibiotics are also at risk for developing this due to the lowered vaginal pH effects that this condition brings.

Diagnosing can be done by microscopic examination.            Diagnosing this condition may be done through microscopic examination or a culture swab. Vaginal yeast infections treatment would include administering antifungal drugs such nystatin and fluconazole (Diflucan). Careful assessment and prompt treatment by health care professionals is important to alleviate the conditions brought by this infection. Preventive measures would include eating a balanced diet and boosting the immune system; avoiding douching and not wearing tight clothes are also good means. And above all, proper hygiene is very much important. Knowing these essential things about vaginal candidiasis would surely help a person in preventing this disease. Proper medical management and vaginal yeast infections treatment modalities should also be instituted correctly to relieve the patient from the discomforts of this infection as well as to avoid drug resistance.